Zemstvo Reform of 1864 in Pages of Zemstvo Press of Chernihiv Province

Keywords: zemstvo reform, volost zemstvo, Chernihiv Province, zemstvo press, zemstvo self-government bodies


The attitude of the Zemstvo press of Chernihiv Province to the role and importance of Zemstvo institutions in the region is analyzed in the paper, relying on a content analysis of specialized media publications devoted to the Zemstvo reform of 1864. The information is introduced into international scientific circulation for the first time.

The author concludes that the fact of creation and development of zemstvo institutions in the Russian Empire was assessed in the publications as the act of progress in the history of Russian autocracy. The authors of the articles especially emphasized that the leading, driving force in the zemstvo assemblies and boards were the representatives of the liberal nobility, who, despite their minority among the aristocracy of the region, with their public activity, persistence, and large-scale practical activities in the bodies of local authority made a great contribution to the matter of capitalist transformation of the Russian Empire. It is noted that thanks to those representatives of the democratic regional nobility, the life of the province fundamentally changed for the better, and the main attention was paid to the development of optional from the point of view of Russian absolutism issues such as education, medicine, culture, etc., on which the expenditures from zemstvos budgets were spent.

Considering all the advantages and disadvantages of the Zemstvo reform of 1864, the publicists of Chernihiv Province abandoned themselves to the idea that it was necessary to rectify existing shortcomings in the legislation and implement a new one which would take into consideration the new challenges that society and the state faced. After all, just in Ukrainian provinces where the traditions of Magdeburg law still existed, the success of the zemstvo self-government became obvious to everyone.


Antonenko, I. (1917, 5 marta). Dlia chego nam nuzhno volostnoe zemstvo? [Why do we need a volost zemstvo?]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 19, 13-14 [in Russian].

Moisіienko, V. (1999). Lіberalno-demokratychnyi rukh v Ukrayinі (seredyna 60 – 80i rr. XIX st.) [Liberal-democratic movement in Ukraine (mid 60s – 80’s of the XIX century)]. (Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Milov, G. (1914, 10 yanvaria). K 50-letiiu uchrezhdeniia zemstva [To the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the zemstvo]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia nedelia, 2, 2-5 [in Russian].

Mogilianskyi, M. (1918, 8 iiunia). Pro volosne zemstvo. [About the Volost Zemstvo]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 43-44, 2-3 [in Ukrainian].

Mogilianskyi, M. (1918, 12 iiunia). U spravі zemskoyi reformy [At the case of the land reform]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 41-42, 2 [in Ukrainian].

Mogilianskiy, M. (1915, 7 avgusta). Neobhodimost uchrezhdeniia melkoi zemskoi edinitsy [The need to establish a small unit of zemstvo]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia nedelia, 32, 1-2 [in Russian].

Redkіna, O. (2002). Zemstva Lіvoberezhnoyi ta Pіvdennoyi Ukrayiny yak organy mіstsevoho samovriaduvannia ta oseredky lіberalnoho rukhu v druhіi polovynі XІX – pochatku XX stolіttia [Zemstvos of Left-Bank and South Ukraine as the organs of a local government and cell of liberal movement in the second half of XІX century — the beginning of XX century]. (Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis). Zaporіzhzhia [in Ukrainian].

Savchenko-Belskiy, M. (1914, 19 sentiabria). Zemstvo i naseleniie [Zemstvo and population]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia nedelia, 38, 8 [in Russian].

Shevchenko, E. (1918, 9 avgusta). Zemskoe delo na Ukraine [Zemstvo’s business in Ukraine]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 55-56,10-14. [in Russian].

Shevchenko, E. (1918, 31 avgusta). Mestnoe samoupravlenie v demokraticheskom gosudarstve [Local government in a democratic State]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 67-68, 13-15 [in Russian].

Stepanenko, N. (1917, 18 avgusta). Esche o volostnom zemstve [More about the volost zemstvo]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 63, 8-10 [in Russian].

Stepanenko, N. (1918, 16 yanvaria). Po novomu puti [On a new path]. Chernigovskaia zemskaia gazeta, 7-8, 2 [in Russian].

Zhilenkova, І. (2000). Lіberalno-demokratychnyi rukh v Ukrayinі (druga polovyna XІX – pochatok XX stolіttia) [Liberal-democratic movement in Ukraine (second half of the XIX – early of the XX century)]. (Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

How to Cite
Kotelnytsky, N. (2021). Zemstvo Reform of 1864 in Pages of Zemstvo Press of Chernihiv Province. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (4(32), 43-51. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2020.4(32).462
History of Ukraine